Applied and Computational Engineering

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Proceedings of the 2023 International Conference on Functional Materials and Civil Engineering

Series Vol. 24 , 07 November 2023

Open Access | Article

Analysis of double phytoextraction of Cadmium and microplastics by Galinsoga Quadriradiata in soil — An exploration for a comprehensive treatment method for the environment

Xinran Han * 1 , Xiang Li 2
1 The Experimental High School Attached to Beijing
2 Chinese Academy of Sciences

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Applied and Computational Engineering, Vol. 24, 7-24
Published 07 November 2023. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Xinran Han, Xiang Li. Analysis of double phytoextraction of Cadmium and microplastics by Galinsoga Quadriradiata in soil — An exploration for a comprehensive treatment method for the environment. ACE (2023) Vol. 24: 7-24. DOI: 10.54254/2755-2721/24/20230671.


The wide usage of microplastics and heavy metals has led to the accumulation of these pollutants in our environment. Among heavy metals and microplastics, Cadmium (Cd), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyethylene (PE) are the most severe and ubiquitous pollutants. With large surface areas, microplastics have the ability to absorb metal ions, potentially performing "carrier effect", by which microparticles enhance the transfer of other pollutants from soil to plants. Phytoextraction has been shown to be the most effective strategy to remediate heavy metal contamination. In this study, we selected Galinsoga quadriradiata (G. quadriradiata) as the test species to investigate the effectiveness of phytoextraction in soil contaminated with Cd, PVC and PE. According to our results, G. quadriradiata present effective phytoextraction to Cd and microplastics. However, the carrier effect between Cd and PVC or PE only exists in the value of maximal quantum efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) but has no effect on the uptake of Cd by G. quadriradiata. For future studies, we propose to investigate the carrier effect between heavy metals and microplastics in plants, test the pathway of microplastics by which they are up-taken by plants from soil, and increase the efficiency of phytoextraction by exposing plants (such as G. quadriradiata) that have been proved to absorb heavy metal to microplastics.


microplastic, heavy metals, carrier effect, phytoextraction, remediation


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2023 International Conference on Functional Materials and Civil Engineering
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ISBN (Online)
Published Date
07 November 2023
Applied and Computational Engineering
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© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated