Applied and Computational Engineering

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences


Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Materials Chemistry and Environmental Engineering

Series Vol. 63 , 09 May 2024


Open Access | Article

A review of catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide

Jiajie Shen * 1
1 Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Applied and Computational Engineering, Vol. 63, 100-105
Published 09 May 2024. © 09 May 2024 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Jiajie Shen. A review of catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide. ACE (2024) Vol. 63: 100-105. DOI: 10.54254/2755-2721/63/20241001.

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) generated from the consumption of fossil fuels is one of the main factors contributing to the greenhouse effect. How to mitigate the greenhouse effect and reduce the extraction and consumption of fossil fuels has become an issue worthy of study. In recent years, a technology for the catalytic reduction of CO2 to fossil fuels and chemicals has attracted a great deal of attention by providing a new way to solve this problem. This paper reviews the basic principles of three fundamental catalytic CO2 reduction, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis and thermocatalysis, and two advanced catalytic modes, thermocatalysis and photoelectrocatalysis, derived from these three modes, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. In addition, the challenges that the catalytic reduction of CO2 is currently facing are also discussed. Although this technology has made significant progress over the decades, it is still in its preliminary stage with some shortcomings and there is a long way to go before it can be applied in reality.

Keywords

Carbon dioxide, Catalysis, Reduction

References

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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Materials Chemistry and Environmental Engineering
ISBN (Print)
978-1-83558-417-0
ISBN (Online)
978-1-83558-418-7
Published Date
09 May 2024
Series
Applied and Computational Engineering
ISSN (Print)
2755-2721
ISSN (Online)
2755-273X
DOI
10.54254/2755-2721/63/20241001
Copyright
09 May 2024
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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