Applied and Computational Engineering

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences


Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Signal Processing and Machine Learning

Series Vol. 52 , 27 March 2024


Open Access | Article

Data augmentation-based enhanced fingerprint recognition using deep convolutional generative adversarial network and diffusion models

Yukai Liu * 1
1 Xidian University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Applied and Computational Engineering, Vol. 52, 8-13
Published 27 March 2024. © 27 March 2024 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Yukai Liu. Data augmentation-based enhanced fingerprint recognition using deep convolutional generative adversarial network and diffusion models. ACE (2024) Vol. 52: 8-13. DOI: 10.54254/2755-2721/52/20241115.

Abstract

The progress of fingerprint recognition applications encounters substantial hurdles due to privacy and security concerns, leading to limited fingerprint data availability and stringent data quality requirements. This article endeavors to tackle the challenges of data scarcity and data quality in fingerprint recognition by implementing data augmentation techniques. Specifically, this research employed two state-of-the-art generative models in the domain of deep learning, namely Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Network (DCGAN) and the Diffusion model, for fingerprint data augmentation. Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), as a popular generative model, effectively captures the features of sample images and learns the diversity of the sample images, thereby generating realistic and diverse images. DCGAN, as a variant model of traditional GAN, inherits the advantages of GAN while alleviating issues such as blurry images and mode collapse, resulting in improved performance. On the other hand, Diffusion, as one of the most popular generative models in recent years, exhibits outstanding image generation capabilities and surpasses traditional GAN in some image generation tasks. The experimental results demonstrate that both DCGAN and Diffusion can generate clear, high-quality fingerprint images, fulfilling the requirements of fingerprint data augmentation. Furthermore, through the comparison between DCGAN and Diffusion, it is concluded that the quality of fingerprint images generated by DCGAN is superior to the results of Diffusion, and DCGAN exhibits higher efficiency in both training and generating images compared to Diffusion.

Keywords

Data Augmentation, Machine Learning, Image Generation, GAN

References

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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Signal Processing and Machine Learning
ISBN (Print)
978-1-83558-349-4
ISBN (Online)
978-1-83558-350-0
Published Date
27 March 2024
Series
Applied and Computational Engineering
ISSN (Print)
2755-2721
ISSN (Online)
2755-273X
DOI
10.54254/2755-2721/52/20241115
Copyright
27 March 2024
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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