Applied and Computational Engineering

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computing and Data Science

    Conference Date

    2024-09-12

    Website

    https://www.confcds.org/

    Notes

     

    ISBN

    978-1-83558-459-0 (Print)

    978-1-83558-460-6 (Online)

    Published Date

    2024-07-08

    Editors

    Alan Wang, University of Auckland

    Roman Bauer, University of Surrey

Articles

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241419

    Deep learning in data science: Theoretical foundations, practical applications, and comparative analysis

    Deep learning has emerged as a transformative technology in data science, revolutionizing various domains through its powerful capabilities. This paper explores the theoretical foundations, practical applications, and comparative analysis of deep learning models. The theoretical foundations section discusses key neural network architectures such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs), and Transformers, highlighting their unique capabilities in processing different types of data. Optimization algorithms crucial for effective training, including Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) and Adam, are examined. Regularization techniques for preventing overfitting and enhancing generalization are also addressed. Practical applications in healthcare, finance, and retail showcase the real-world impact of deep learning. A comparative analysis of performance metrics demonstrates the superiority of deep learning models over traditional methods. Despite their advantages, deep learning models face limitations and challenges, including data dependency and interpretability issues. The paper concludes by emphasizing the ongoing research efforts to mitigate these challenges and ensure the continued advancement of deep learning in data science.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241433

    The impact of robotics on STEM education: Facilitating cognitive and interdisciplinary advancements

    This paper investigates the transformative role of robotics in enhancing STEM education by improving cognitive skills, fostering interdisciplinary learning, and bridging the gap between theory and practice. Through the analysis of various educational settings, the study highlights the significant enhancements in students’ problem-solving abilities, engagement, and application of scientific principles via robotics. We present quantitative evidence and case studies that showcase the impact of robotics on boosting analytical skills, increasing student motivation, and enhancing practical knowledge application. The research underscores robotics as a critical educational tool, capable of adapting to diverse teaching environments and contributing to educational equity and innovation worldwide. This integration not only nurtures a deeper understanding of STEM fields but also prepares students for future challenges in a technologically advanced world.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241454

    Enhancing user engagement and satisfaction through personalized news recommendation systems

    Personalized news recommendation systems have emerged as essential tools in addressing information overload by tailoring news content to individual user preferences. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the advanced techniques employed in these systems, their impacts on user engagement, and the ethical considerations surrounding their development and implementation. We delve into the intricacies of data collection, processing, and user profiling, highlighting the methodologies and challenges inherent in each stage. Additionally, we explore advanced algorithmic foundations, including collaborative filtering, content-based filtering, and hybrid methods, elucidating their strengths and limitations. Furthermore, we examine the dynamics of user engagement within personalized news recommendation systems, analyzing key metrics and the role of user feedback in refining recommendation algorithms. Finally, we address privacy concerns, data sparsity issues, and biases, proposing solutions to mitigate ethical challenges and uphold user trust and fairness. This paper serves as a comprehensive guide for researchers, practitioners, and policymakers navigating the complexities of personalized news recommendation systems.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241455

    Integrating artificial intelligence in financial services: Enhancements, applications, and future directions

    The incorporation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) into the financial services sector has catalyzed profound transformations, significantly enhancing the accuracy, efficiency, and capabilities of financial operations. This paper meticulously examines the pivotal role of AI in revolutionizing risk assessment processes through advanced deep learning and machine learning techniques. These methodologies harness extensive and diverse datasets, which include both traditional financial indicators and non-traditional sources like social media activities, to provide a more nuanced and comprehensive analysis of risk. Additionally, the paper emphasizes the critical role of AI in personalizing customer experiences and elevating fraud detection mechanisms to levels of unprecedented precision. Through detailed quantitative analyses and illustrative case studies, this study assesses the impact of AI on operational efficiency and decision-making accuracy within financial institutions. It explores advanced AI techniques—deep learning, reinforcement learning, and natural language processing—and their significant implications for financial forecasting, algorithmic trading, and regulatory compliance. By integrating empirical evidence with theoretical insights, this paper offers a thorough understanding of AI's transformative influence on the financial sector, highlighting potential future innovations that may redefine industry standards and enhance operational methodologies. This comprehensive examination not only illuminates the current benefits and applications of AI in financial services but also projects its future trajectories in reshaping the financial landscape.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241465

    Vehicle object detection and improvement methods in specific scenarios

    This paper mainly studies the current mainstream vehicle object detection methods and improvement methods in specific scenarios. The research provides ideas and methods for further enhancing the accuracy and stability of vehicle object detection, which is beneficial in reducing missed and incorrect detections. This can improve the accuracy of target detection in urban areas, construction sites, and other scenarios, thereby ensuring safety. The purpose of this research is to improve vehicle object detection methods and identify directions for enhancement. In this essay, the main way of research is that reading a lot of papers and contrasting the advantage and disadvantage among them. The main finding of this paper is that in different application scenarios, the directions for improvement vary, and the improved algorithms cannot simultaneously accommodate both accuracy and robustness, and the improved methods cannot be widely used. Based on this information, pointing out the future development direction and clear problems.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241470

    Efficiency of large integer multiplication algorithms: A comparative study of traditional methods and Karatsuba's algorithm

    The large integer multiplication is the basis of many computer science algorithms, ranging from cryptography to complex calculations in various scientific fields. Contemporary society excessively depends on complex computing tasks. Hence, the need for good algorithms is becoming increasingly apparent as well. This text gives the reader an in-depth knowledge of the multiplication algorithms of large integers by contrasting traditional algorithms with the new Algorithm developed by Karatsuba. This research methodology involves a comparative analysis of the components using an advanced analysis framework that primarily focuses on execution times, efficiency metrics, and resource utilization. Incontrovertibly, the experimental results confirm the Karatsuba algorithm's undoubted hastiness compared to the conventional approaches. This study extends our grasp of the evolution of algorithms in computational optimization, enabling people to get unique and relevant findings that will benefit numerous areas where large integer multiplications are involved. In addition to these findings, the study also highlights the importance of algorithm selection in ensuring computational efficiency and accuracy in large integer multiplications across various applications.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241473

    Leveraging artificial intelligence to enhance ESG models: Transformative impacts and implementation challenges

    The integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) with Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) models represents a significant shift in corporate strategy and sustainability efforts. This paper explores the transformative role of deep learning and machine learning technologies in enhancing the precision, efficiency, and effectiveness of ESG frameworks. By utilizing convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and natural language processing (NLP), businesses can now process vast amounts of data, gaining insights that were previously unattainable. The study delves into quantitative analyses involving regression models and scenario analyses, backed by Monte Carlo simulations, to demonstrate the predictive power of AI-enhanced ESG models. Furthermore, the paper discusses the challenges and solutions related to data quality, computational demands, and ethical considerations in implementing AI in ESG assessments. The empirical evidence and theoretical analysis presented underline the superiority of AI-integrated models over traditional methods, showcasing improvements in time-to-insight, predictive accuracy, and cost efficiency. This study not only highlights the practical applications of AI in corporate sustainability efforts but also addresses the ethical and operational challenges faced during implementation.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-06-21 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241475

    Lung X-ray image segmentation based on improved Unet deep learning network algorithm with GSConv module

    In this paper, we propose an optimised image segmentation method by structurally innovating and improving the traditional Unet model and integrating the latest GSConv module. In our experiments, we integrate the GSConv module into the encoder and decoder parts of U-Net to take advantage of its excellent feature extraction and information transfer capabilities. In comparing the training process of the two models of Unet and GSConv Unet, it is found that GSConv Unet has faster convergence speed and better generalisation ability, and finally shows higher segmentation accuracy and iou values in the test part. From the segmentation results, GSConv Unet delineates the lung region more accurately and meticulously compared to Unet, providing an effective idea for lung X-ray image segmentation tasks. This research is of great significance, which not only improves the effectiveness of the image segmentation task but also brings new technological breakthroughs in the field of medical imaging. By introducing the GSConv module and optimising the Unet structure, we have successfully improved the precision and efficiency of lung X-ray image segmentation, providing doctors with a more reliable and accurate diagnostic tool.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-07-08 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241483

    Topological consistency with low imperceptibility for graph adversarial attacks

    Recent research shows that graph neural networks (GNNs) are easy to receive disruptions due to the lack of robustness, the phenomenon that poses a serious security threat. Currently, most efforts to attack GNNs mainly use gradient information to guide the attacks. However, the unreliability of gradient information, and the perceptibility of adversarial examples pose challenges that impede further progress in researching on graph adversarial attacks. From the unreliability of gradient information, we propose a Graph Distance Topological Consistency (GDTC). The scheme introduces graph connectivity, geodesic distance, cosine similarity, and Minkowski distance to construct the similarity matrices of the input space and embedding space of the surrogate model. The difference between the two similarities matrices is constrained during the training process of the surrogate model so that the surrogate model fully learns the topology of the original graph. From adversarial examples perceptibility, we propose attack loss with homogeneity restriction. Experiments show that GDTC can study the topological information of the original graph, enhance the reliability of gradient information, and significantly boost attack performance.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-07-08 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241512

    Emerging synergies between large language models and machine learning in e-commerce recommendations

    This paper explores the integration of large language models (LLMs) into collaborative filtering algorithms to enhance recommendation systems in the e-commerce domain. The proposed approach combines user-based and item-based collaborative filtering with LLMs to improve recommendation accuracy and personalization. Specifically, the study introduces a novel framework called PALR, which leverages LLMs to refine user-item interactions and enrich item representations. PALR utilizes historical user behavior data, such as clicks, purchases, and ratings, to guide candidate retrieval and generate recommended items. This study highlights the importance of integrating LLMs into recommendation systems to deliver more accurate and personalized suggestions, ultimately improving user satisfaction and driving sales in e-commerce platforms.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-07-08 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241511

    IoT traffic classification and anomaly detection method based on deep autoencoders

    This study investigates anomaly detection of IoT device traffic using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) and Variational Autoencoders (VAE) to enhance the detection capability of security threats in IoT environments. A series of hardware configurations, software environments, and hyperparameters were utilized to optimize the training and testing processes of the models. The CNN model demonstrates robust classification performance, achieving an accuracy rate of 95.85% on the test dataset, effectively distinguishing between different types of IoT device traffic. Meanwhile, the VAE model exhibits proficient anomaly detection capabilities by effectively capturing abnormal patterns in the data using reconstruction loss and KL divergence. The combined use of CNN and VAE models offers a comprehensive solution to cybersecurity challenges in IoT environments. Future research directions include exploring diverse IoT traffic data, practical deployment for validation, and further optimization of model structures and parameters to improve performance and applicability.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-07-08 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/69/20241522

    Optimization of logistics cargo tracking and transportation efficiency based on data science deep learning models

    With the digital transformation of the logistics industry, smart logistics algorithms have become a core technology to improve efficiency and reduce costs. This paper reviews the development history of traditional logistics technology and discusses the key role of technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data analysis, artificial intelligence, and automation in logistics technology innovation. It focuses on the application of intelligent logistics algorithms in path optimization, intelligent scheduling, data mining and prediction, and intelligent warehousing. To solve the problem of inconsistency between training and testing objectives, this paper proposes DRL4Route, a deep reinforcement learning-based path optimization framework, and designs the DRL4Route-GAE model. These research results provide important support to further promote the intelligent development of the logistics industry.

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