Applied and Computational Engineering

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Functional Materials and Civil Engineering

    Conference Date

    2024-08-23

    Website

    https://www.conffmce.org/

    Notes

     

    ISBN

    978-1-83558-443-9 (Print)

    978-1-83558-444-6 (Online)

    Published Date

    2024-06-07

    Editors

    Ömer Burak İSTANBULLU, Eskişehir Osmangazi University

Articles

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240903

    Analyzing the urban transport layout in the plains of China

    As the population of cities grows, the demand for sprawl increases. With the expansion of urban areas, the management of urban traffic has also come to a great challenge. Managers need to have quick access to information about a city’s traffic. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to build an information model. However, there is still a lack of research on information modeling in China, and the efficiency of modeling is relatively low. This paper analyses the terrain and climate of the existing plains in China, as well as compares previous urban designs in the world, finds that flooding often occurs in the plains of China, thus the main problems that need to be considered in the design of cities in the plains of China are drainage and population. By combining the strengths of previous urban designs, a new model of the mesh city is proposed to adapt to the plains area and help designers speed up the modeling.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240905

    Combustion and impact performance of DEGDN propellants under different size conditions

    DEGDN propellant plays an important role in the use of large-caliber artillery, and its combustion and mechanical properties determine the power of large-caliber artillery. In order to study the combustion performance and mechanical properties of DEGDN propellant, four kinds of single-hole propellant with different pore diameters were prepared from DEGDN raw material ZY-11 pellets, with pore diameters of 3mm, 4mm, 5mm, and 6mm, which were recorded as 45/1-3mm, 45/1-4mm, 45/1-5mm, and 45/1-6mm, respectively. Analyze its combustion performance using closed bomb and test its impact resistance using a pendulum impact tester. The experimental results show that in the combustion process, the combustion pressure of the propellant in the higher temperature conditions, the faster its growth rate, while the whole combustion process is also faster; combustion process combustion speed will not change with the change of the aperture, only the different temperature conditions will make the combustion speed change, the higher the temperature of the maximum combustion speed it can achieve the larger. When the pore diameter is 4mm, the impact strength reaches a maximum of 30.6KJ×m-2, which is nearly 40% stronger than 45/1-3mm and 45/1-6mm.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240906

    A damage prediction method for building concrete based on improved BP neural network

    Concrete is widely used in civil engineering, and fiber materials are usually added to building concrete to enhance its durability. In order to study the freeze-thaw damage performance of different fiber reinforced concrete mixtures and accurately predict the degree of freeze-thaw damage of fiber reinforced concrete with different ratios under salt freezing conditions, this paper proposes an improved BP neural network-based method for predicting freeze-thaw damage in building concrete. Firstly, freeze-thaw cycle tests were conducted on fiber reinforced concrete with different proportions to study the variation patterns of concrete quality loss rate and dynamic elastic modulus; Then, based on BP neural network and particle swarm optimization algorithm, a concrete damage prediction model is established; Finally, conduct optimization based on the learning samples and compare and analyze the prediction errors of the model. The method proposed in this article has been verified to have good accuracy and stability.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240907

    The development status and trends of automotive interactive systems

    Nowadays, as time passes and science and technology improve, the interactive system of autos becomes more common, and there are far-reaching changes from the original. As autonomous driving and other functions become more developed, people are increasingly focusing on the car's interactive system. This study investigates automobile development status and trends via the lens of automobile interaction systems, comparing them between previous and present periods, using BYD’s electric vehicle interaction system as an example, and briefly exploring the current automobile interaction system. The development characteristics and influencing elements of some automobile interface systems are summarized, and the future development trend is anticipated using this information. Finally, it is determined that the automobile interaction system is progressing toward giving people a more comfortable and safe driving experience, which is a positive trend, and that more technologies may be merged into it in the future. The research in this paper that the vehicle interaction system is currently in development, and while it is merely a simple physical interaction, with the continual integration of new technologies, it has the potential to make significant progress.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240908

    Development and trend analysis of the cybertruck

    Considering that the popularity of electric vehicle trucks (EVs) is growing, this paper takes Tesla’s Cybertruck as an example and discusses its power system, autonomous driving system, design concepts and materials. The purpose of this research is to explore the trends of future automobile development that are more environmentally friendly, more capable of living, more intelligent, and more multi-functional. Through the analysis, it can be found that the future automobile technology will develop in the direction of electrification, intelligence, multi-function and multi-modal. First of all, vehicles are more inclined to use battery engines with stronger endurance and faster charging speed to further reduce energy consumption and improve efficiency. Secondly, to improve fully autonomous driving technology, future vehicles tend to combine artificial intelligence (AI) with driving control systems. Moreover, according to the different needs of different models, the most suitable design scheme is combined with aerodynamics, and the materials with stronger strength, lighter weight and easier recycling are selected for the manufacture of the body.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240909

    A prediction method for salt frost resistance of dam rock foundation based on improved BP neural network

    Hydraulic resources can be utilized in a cascade manner, with the advantages of energy conservation, economy, and environmental protection. In order to study the anti salt freezing performance of rock foundation in hydroelectric power dams and accurately predict the degree of rock and soil freeze-thaw damage under salt freezing conditions, this paper proposes a prediction method for the anti salt freezing performance of dam rock foundation based on an improved BP neural network. Firstly, freeze-thaw cycle tests were conducted on the rock foundation materials of dams poured with different proportions of fiber reinforced concrete to study the changes in soil mass loss rate and dynamic elastic modulus; Then, based on BP neural network and particle swarm optimization algorithm, a prediction model for rock and soil freeze-thaw damage is established; Finally, using the historical data of the Baihetan hydropower station, optimization was carried out and model prediction errors were compared and analyzed. The method proposed in this article has been verified to have good accuracy and stability, providing guidance for the operation and construction design of hydropower projects.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240910

    Innovations in architectural and environmental design: From methodologies to technology and cultural sensitivity

    This comprehensive paper delves into the multifaceted world of contemporary architectural and environmental design, exploring an array of methodologies that emphasize sustainability, technological innovation, and socio-cultural integration. It begins by discussing the Integrated Design Process (IDP), which fosters early-stage collaboration across various disciplines, illustrated by the example of Seattle’s Bullitt Center. The paper then explores the principles of Biophilic Design, highlighting its positive impacts on human health and well-being, as seen in Singapore’s Khoo Teck Puat Hospital. The concept of Adaptive Reuse is explored next, emphasizing its role in sustainable urban development, with the Tate Modern in London serving as a case study. Further, the paper examines Green Building Technologies, Digital Design and Simulation Tools like BIM, and Smart Building Systems, showcasing their contributions to sustainable and efficient building management. The final sections discuss the importance of Community Engagement, Cultural Sensitivity in Design, and Inclusive Design, stressing the need for architecture that resonates with community values and is accessible to all. Through these discussions, the paper provides an insightful look into the current trends and future directions in architecture and environmental design, advocating for a holistic approach that balances functionality, sustainability, and cultural relevance.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240911

    A review for air fermentation to produce the air-based protein

    As the world’s population develops, there will be an increasing amount of requirement for food sources, however, traditional agriculture has been limited by many factors, like the availability of new farmland, the support of fertilizer, and the potential pollution of the growing process. Air-based meat provides an ingenious solution to this circumstance. The technology for producing protein uses air as the raw material, which means that regardless of climate conditions or seasons, protein can be produced, and it is produced within a few days rather than months, making air-based protein production gain a higher efficiency. Moreover, this process requires only a small portion of the land used in traditional meat production. However, there are several uncertainties that made this strategy have a hard time to extensively put into effect yet. The data and information in this paper are analyzed and derived from authoritative dissertations and academic websites. This paper will examine this technology from different perspectives to illustrate that advanced strategy in more detail.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240912

    Enhancing human well-being and comfort: Optimizing the integration of plants in buildings

    The escalating challenges posed by greenhouse effects and the imperative for sustainable solutions have garnered global attention towards mitigating environmental harm, with buildings emerging as significant contributors to carbon emissions. This case study meticulously examines the Shunde Country Garden Headquarters Building, a visually captivating exemplar of plant integration within architectural frameworks. While the initial design emphasizes aesthetics and sustainability, a deeper exploration uncovers shortcomings in considering the well-being of occupants. The integration of plants into building structures holds promise in carbon absorption and reduced energy consumption, making a positive contribution to sustainability. However, the Shunde case underscores challenges such as insufficient natural light, poor ventilation, and elevated indoor humidity levels. These issues highlight the critical necessity of aligning architectural designs with human experiences, transcending mere aesthetics and sustainability. This study also reveals a noticeable oversight in the social dimension of buildings integrated with plants within existing certifications and architectural practices. While certifications like LEED, WELL, Envision, and BREEAM primarily evaluate sustainability from a conventional standpoint, architects often prioritize aesthetics over the living experiences of occupants. The absence of comprehensive guidelines addressing human well-being and comfort impedes the widespread adoption of Vertical Greenery Systems (VGS). In response, this project aims to propose a design guideline that holistically considers environmental, economic, and social aspects. By accentuating occupants' comfort and well-being, the objective is to unlock the practical potential of VGS across various countries. The proposed design guideline encompasses environmental, economic, and social considerations. It delves into lighting, support, and landscape elements for the environment, and addresses economic aspects such as potential, construction, design, and landscape economy. Importantly, the social aspect takes precedence in the guideline, concentrating on innovation, location, and landscape. By addressing environment, economy, and society, this paper endeavors to elevate the impact of Vertical Greenery Systems on human well-being and comfort, fostering a sustainable and harmonious relationship between architecture and nature.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240913

    Switching mechanisms of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides(2D TMDCs)-based memristive devices for neuromorphic computing

    The recent surge in artificial intelligence has escalated the demand for computing performance and storage capability in information processing hardware. However, in traditional von Neumann architecture, the processing and memory units are connected by a bus with limited bandwidth, which leads to excessive time and power consumption in data transfer. To address this issue, the emerging neuromorphic architecture co-locates the memory and processing functionalities by mimicking the information processing akin to the human brain. The inefficiency of traditional technology in neuromorphic hardware has led to extensive interest in novel memristive devices. The two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) exhibit appealing characteristics for memristive devices, including tunable bandgap, high mobility at atomic thickness, and the rich possibility of defect engineering. This review focuses on the switching mechanisms of memristive devices based on 2D TMDCs. Additionally, properties and performances of 2D TMDCs-based memristive devices are also summarized in this review with respect to different switching mechanisms.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240915

    Organic thin film transistors in wearable electronics: prospects in sensor technology and healthcare

    This paper critically examines Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs), emphasizing their crucial role in enhancing wearable electronics. Through an in-depth exploration of OTFT fundamental principles and unique characteristics, the paper highlights their advantages, such as unparalleled mechanical flexibility and low-temperature processing capabilities, over traditional semiconductor technologies. It delves into OTFT applications in wearable sensor technologies and healthcare monitoring, illustrating the significant benefits of OTFT integration, including superior energy efficiency and augmented user comfort. Addressing the primary challenges of power consumption, environmental stability, and manufacturing scalability, the study proposes innovative solutions to improve these areas. Central to the research objectives is the enhancement of OTFT performance through strategic material selection, fabrication techniques, and integration approaches to ensure device durability and functionality. The paper concludes with a comprehensive analysis of recent advancements and future directions, underscoring the transformative potential of OTFTs in wearable electronics. This research finds that through interdisciplinary collaboration and innovative engineering, it is possible to mitigate the current limitations of OTFTs, paving the way for their widespread adoption in advanced wearable and healthcare technologies.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240916

    Design of an electric tilt-wing Martian aircraft

    Aerial vehicles increase the range and versatility of resources that can be researched on exterritorial bodies that possess an atmosphere. These vehicles provide significant advantages over traditional landers and rovers in their ability to travel through complicated terrain and obstacles as well as their ability to obtain gas samples at different altitudes. Currently, there has already been an aircraft present on Mars. Ingenuity, the Martian helicopter deployed by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory as part of the Mars 2020 mission, has become the first human aircraft to make a powered extraterrestrial flight and is still conducting flying experiments to date. This research aims to explore the possibilities of designs for future aircraft used for Mars explorations as well as technologies that can improve on the existing designs and concepts. This research also proposes possible solutions to the challenges posed by the Martian environment such as the low atmospheric density and terrain restrictions for take-off by utilising existing technology developed for eVTOL such as tilt-wing design to gain the ability to take-off and land vertically. Other aspects such as the selection and accommodation of the spacecraft to launch vehicles have also been covered in the scope of this research.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240917

    The way to maintain the stability of race cars at high speed

    Nowadays, cars are used quite often and require good stability and handling while driving to keep passengers safe. At the same time, the race car also must have better stability and handling at high speeds than family cars so that they can ensure that the driver can handle the track and get the best performance in extreme conditions. Therefore, the shape of the vehicle and the design of the different components play a key role in ensuring its stability at high speeds. From an aerodynamic point of view, the streamlined body design, the application of spoilers, the design of the tail and the ground effect are all factors that are crucial to the stability of the car. This paper will look at how the race car remains stable at high speeds from an aerodynamic perspective, and how its shape and different components of the car affect its stability and handling. From our research, we find that all of them have crucial effects and exist different forces on the car body

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240919

    Behavior and efficiency analysis of Asian neighborhood transportation based on object detection

    The Asian city neighborhood transport is often congested and unbalanced. Hence, it is crucial for the policymakers to study the pattern and effectiveness of transportation in the Asian towns. This paper discussed transportation behaviors of cars, bicycles, and pedestrians on Asian block based on object detection using You Only Look Once (YOLO) algorithm. First, the major transportation objects such as buses and cars were identified through photos and videos of an ordinary Asian neighborhood. Then, the key efficiency indicators of the transport behavior were suggested and the time and road required different metrics were calculated. Lastly, diverse behavior patterns have been analyzed, and optimization suggestions based on the findings are being proposed. The result of the application was that various means of transportation in a certain neighborhood differed in terms of efficiency due to the behavior patterns, and object detection method was a suitable tool to find the suggestions about traffic management, safety, and city infrastructure.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240923

    Advancing sustainability in construction and environmental management about innovative materials, technologies, and policy frameworks

    This comprehensive study explores the integration of advanced materials, innovative technologies, and policy frameworks to enhance sustainability in construction and environmental management. Through an in-depth analysis of self-healing concrete, energy-efficient insulation materials, recycled composites, membrane filtration advancements, photocatalytic water purification, bioremediation techniques, corrosion-resistant alloys, smart sensing technologies, earthquake-resistant designs, and green infrastructure, we demonstrate significant potential to reduce environmental impact, improve infrastructure durability, and promote water conservation. Additionally, the role of international standards, regulations, and incentives in fostering sustainable development practices is critically examined. Quantitative analyses and mathematical models provide a foundation for assessing the effectiveness and economic viability of these innovations, offering valuable insights for stakeholders across the construction and environmental sectors

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240924

    Dynamic NMR methodology for kinetic studies

    NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance) is a popular tool used to characterize the structure of molecules, which is widely used for its high precision and accurate results. Due to these advantages, the NMR technique has been developed for monitoring the changes in the components during a reaction. This is called dynamic NMR technology. The kinetic measuring of a reaction is an important application of dynamic NMR, and the unique design of the methodology allows the NMR technique to be used for the determination of kinetic data such as reaction rates. In addition, dynamic NMR has also been used to monitor the reaction process and determine the reaction mechanism. Dynamic NMR techniques have developed rapidly in recent decades and have led to new research ideas and tools in chemistry and other related fields. In this paper, some examples of kinetic properties of reactions studied by dynamic NMR methods are introduced, including a summary of their development and prospects.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240925

    Research on medium-term electric power load forecasting based on SSAD-CEEMDAN

    To fully enhance the accuracy of electric power load forecasting, a medium-term electric power load forecasting model based on secondary decomposition (predicted model of power load based on secondary decomposition, PMPL-SD) is proposed. In the PMPL-SD algorithm, the original load data are first decomposed and reconstructed using the singular spectrum analysis decomposition method; then, the data after denoising are further decomposed and reconstructed using the noise-assisted complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition to obtain three components: high frequency, medium frequency, and trend. At the same time, a combined network model consisting of convolutional neural networks and bidirectional long short-term memory networks is used to predict the three components separately. The component results are integrated to obtain the final forecasting result. To verify the performance of the PMPL-SD algorithm, three models are selected for comparison. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has higher forecasting accuracy in medium-term electric power load forecasting.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240926

    Role of ionic liquids in the electrodeposition of metals

    Green chemistry techniques have gained significant importance in advancing chemical engineering and processes in the modern era, contributing to the implementation of sustainable development strategies. Ionic liquids (ILs) at room temperature have emerged as versatile solvents in catalysis, separation science, and electrochemistry. Conventional synthesis of ILs typically involves a two-step process using refluxing solvents, which is time-consuming and requires large amounts of organic solvents. This study investigates the synthesis of alkylmethylimidazolium salts by the co-heating of haloalkanes and 1-methylimidazole, highlighting the role of ILs in green chemistry, particularly in the electrodeposition of metals. The objective of this research is to explore the impact of ILs on the electrodeposition process, aiming to develop environmentally friendly and efficient metal deposition methods. The methodology involves the preparation of ILs through a facile and sustainable approach, followed by the characterization of their physicochemical properties. The ILs are then utilized as electrolytes for metal electrodeposition, and the resulting metal films are analyzed for their morphology, structure, and properties. The findings of this study demonstrate the significant influence of ILs on metal electrodeposition. The ILs exhibit excellent solvation properties, facilitating the reduction and deposition of metals with improved control over morphology and structure. Additionally, the ILs offer the advantage of reduced environmental impact compared to traditional organic solvents. The main innovation lies in the application of ILs as green solvents in metal electrodeposition, contributing to the development of sustainable and efficient processes in the field of green chemistry.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240930

    A review of humidity-Responsive Actuation in Liquid Crystal elastomer films: Controlling reversibility and irreversibility through hydrogen bonding

    Humidity-responsive actuation refers to the phenomenon where certain materials alter their shape, size, or color in response to fluctuations in humidity levels. This behavior is reminiscent of natural processes observed in plants, where seeds and flowers react to moisture. The potential applications of humidity-responsive materials span various fields, including soft robotics, smart sensors, biomimetic devices, and anti-counterfeiting measures. Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs)are particularly noteworthy in this context, as they possess a unique combination of properties derived from both liquid crystals and elastomers. These materials exhibit significant changes in shape in response to external stimuli such as temperature, light, electric fields, and humidity. As a result, this paper focuses on the humidity-responsive properties of Liquid Crystal Elastomer (LCE) films, with a specific emphasis on the role of hydrogen bonding in this process. And this review covers the synthesis methods, underlying mechanisms, performance characteristics, challenges, and future prospects of humidity-responsive Liquid Crystal Elastomer (LCE) films.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-05-29 Doi: 10.54254/2755-2721/66/20240933

    Design of an Arduino-based intelligent logistics cart

    With the achievement of the first centenary goal, we will strive for another 15 years on this basis, aiming to achieve socialist modernization by 2035. The concept of intelligent production is receiving increasing attention, with the logistics industry being a representative sector. Currently, traditional logistics operations are unable to meet the high requirements of modern society due to problems such as high labor costs, poor safety, and low efficiency. In order to change the current situation of the traditional logistics industry, more intelligent equipment is needed to replace labor-intensive manual handling work. In this era, an Arduino-controlled intelligent logistics cart emerges as a development trend. This paper designs and develops an Arduino-controlled intelligent logistics cart, taking the Yunnan Province University Student Engineering Training Comprehensive Ability Competition as an application scenario. It achieves functions such as automatic tracking, intelligent recognition of block colors, automatic scanning of QR codes to obtain tasks, and all-round grasping of objects. The design of this intelligent logistics cart involves hardware selection, system design, and structural design.

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